Inca City of Machu Picchu 

Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas, that for several centuries was forgotten and was rediscovered in 1911 for the world. One of the greatest works made by man and which was decorated as one of the 7 wonders of the modern world.

The biggest work of the Incas

The most spectacular natural environment coupled with stone constructions that seem molded by the Inca gods themselves is the best description for Machu Picchu. The Incas knew how to adapt their architecture perfectly to nature, where they are not transgressed or destroyed, but live in complete harmony with it. Everything in Machu Picchu seems to be in its proper place, this perfection could only be conceived for a special reason or for someone outstanding, and tradition indicates that it was commanded to be built by the great Inca Pachacuteq.

Machu Picchu, the lost city of the IncasMachu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas
Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas

Facts about Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is located in the district of Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu village), in the province of Urubamba, department of Cusco in Peru, at a height of 2438 masl It is located between the Andes and the high jungle of the Amazon, the city Inca rises between the mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu and surrounded by the Urubamba River. Its climate is warm and humid, presenting two seasons during the year, the dry season and the rainy season. One characteristic is the continuous cloudiness that usually has to cover the city by which Machu Picchu is known as the “City in the Clouds”.

Machu Picchu, city in the cloudsMachu Picchu, city in the clouds
Machu Picchu, the city in the clouds.

Attractions of Machu Picchu

The city of Machu Picchu is distributed in two zones, the urban zone and the agricultural zone, in addition, it is observed in striking form the mountains that surround it. Each of them is or possesses spectacular attractions that are part of the sacred city.

Andenes destined for agricultural use, in the Inca city of Machu Picchu
Andenes destined for agricultural use, in the Inca city of Machu Picchu.
  1. 1Urban Zone

    • The urban area, in turn, is divided into two sectors:
      • Sacred Sector or Hanan, this area you can find the most outstanding Inca buildings. In the Sacred Square are located the Main Temple and the beautiful Temple of the Three Windows, also the Temple of the Sun Temple of the Sun, the Royal Tomb, the Real Residence, the Pacchas or fountains and many other constructions. The Intihuatana or solar clock is perhaps the best-known structure in this sector.
      • Residential sector or Hurin,  In this sector, are located the houses or dwellings that are very striking, but there are also outstanding structures such as the Temple of the Condor, the Hall of Water Mirrors, prisons and the Sacred Rock.
  2. 2Agricultural Sector

    • This sector was dedicated to agriculture, and where you can appreciate the beautiful Andenes, terraces destined for cultivation, built in a staggered way on the slopes of the mountain on which is located Machu Picchu and occupy a good part of the city. The First Group of Andenes and the Andenes of the Lower Sector stand out
    • At the top of the set of andenes and strategically located in the so-called Guardian’s House is a simple construction, but very striking and from where you can dominate with sight the entire Inca city. It is the perfect place to take photos of Machu Picchu. From this place begins the road to reach the Intipunku or Sun Gate 
  3. 3Machu Picchu Mountains

    • The mountains of Machu Picchu are attractive by themselves and give the city of Machu Picchu that special atmosphere and an almost surreal halo.
      • Mountain Huayna Picchu, It is the mountain that you can see behind the city of Macchu Picchu in its classic postcard, this singular mountain is the most sought-after attraction in Machu Picchu, you can reach its summit by a steep path and rises almost 400 meters above the Inca city. In the mountain, you can find Inca constructions and viewpoints, but the so-called Temple of the Moon is the most outstanding structure and can only be seen climbing the mountain.
      • Mountain Machu Picchu, It is the mountain on which the Inca city of Machu Picchu is built, it is reached to its summit by a not very steep road, the views from the mountain Machu Picchu are the most spectacular and from her it is possible to observe all the around the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu.
      • Mountain Putucusi, Known as the Happy Mountain, is the mountain that is located to the side of the Inca city. Although it is not part of the official circuit of the tour of the attractions of Machu Picchu, it is inevitable for visitors not to perceive its striking presence.

Machu Picchu is the great legacy left by the Incas for humanity, the work that sums up the greatness of the most important culture of America that was erected in the past.


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